Halo

A magic place for coding

0%

LeetCode 解题报告(338) -- 1551. Minimum Operations to Make Array Equal

Problem

You have an array arr of length n where arr [i] = (2 * i) + 1 for all valid values of i (i.e. 0 <= i < n).

In one operation, you can select two indices x and y where 0 <= x, y < n and subtract 1 from arr [x] and add 1 to arr [y] (i.e. perform arr [x] -=1and arr [y] += 1). The goal is to make all the elements of the array equal. It is guaranteed that all the elements of the array can be made equal using some operations.

Given an integer n, the length of the array. Return the minimum number of operations needed to make all the elements of arr equal.

Example 1:

1
2
3
4
5
Input: n = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: arr = [1, 3, 5]
First operation choose x = 2 and y = 0, this leads arr to be [2, 3, 4]
In the second operation choose x = 2 and y = 0 again, thus arr = [3, 3, 3].

Example 2:

1
2
Input: n = 6
Output: 9

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 10^4

Analysis

   题目给出一个数 n,数组中从 1 开始,包含 n 个奇数。然后定义一次操作为:对下标 xyarr [x] += 1arr [y] -= 1。实际上就是选两个位置,一个加一,一个减一。问最少多少次操作后,能够使数组中所有的数都相等。

   首先我们要处理的数组是等差数列,在等差数列中要把每个数都操作成相等,所以如果要数组中的值都变成一样,目标值应该就是平均值了。这样一来,每次操作都是头尾对应,第一个数和倒数第一个数对应,第二个数和倒数第二个数对应,所以我们只需要计算一半就可以了。


Solution

   计算目标值不需要整个数组遍历,可以直接用等差数列求和公式算。然后也不需要申请数组空间,用循环的变量去计算每一个位置和平均值的差,就是操作的次数了。


Code

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
class Solution {
public:
int minOperations(int n) {
int sum = n * n;
int target = sum /n;
int result = 0;
//cout << target << endl;
for (int i = 0; i < n / 2; i++) {
result += abs((i * 2 + 1) - target);
}
return result;
}
};

Summary

   这道题目难度不算大,偏数学方面的知识多一些,coding 上没有特别难的地方。这道题目的分享到这里,感谢你的支持!

Welcome to my other publishing channels